Oxymetholone is a 17-alpha-alkylated oral anabolic-androgenic steroid. Oxymetholone is very effective in promoting muscle gains and has an excellent myotrophic activity index of 3.2 and is similar to testosterone with an androgenic activity index of 0.45. Main clinical uses include: osteoporosis, anemia, as well as stimulating muscle growth in undernourished or underdeveloped patients. Also, oxymetholone has been studied for the treatment of HIV-associated wasting, antithrombin III deficiency, pediatric growth impairment, and damaged myocardium, with varying degrees of success.
The daily adult dosage is 5 mg to 20 mg given in 2 divided doses. Because Oximetholone actively promote erythropoiesis blood indexes like RBC, Hb and hematocrit have to be carefully monitored for possible development of policythemia.